Filling Financial Gap of Flood Protection in Asia


Prof. Mikio Ishiwatari

Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Japan


Abstract: Climate change is increasing the risks of water-related disasters, such as floods, droughts, and high tides in the Asia region. Estimating financial gaps of disaster risk reduction is needed to consider investment policies, plans and financial arrangements. However, the estimates of the demand for disaster risk reduction are rarely available, and academic literature in this area is limited. Additionally, the methodology for estimation has not been established.
The study analyzes the trends of budgets of flood protection in major flood-prone economies in Asia, and proposes methodology for estimating demand for flood protection infrastructure. The demand in the region until 2030 is estimated using regression analysis to apply panel data of possible socio-economic factors, and financial gap is estimated. The study also aims at proposing the policies of filling the financial gap by examining policies and approaches in the region.

Biogrpahy: Mikio Ishiwatari is Senior Advisor on Disaster Management and Water Resources Management at Japan International Cooperation Agency, and Visiting Professor, Graduate School of Frontier Sciences, The University of Tokyo. He has been engaged in the projects and research works of disaster risk reduction (DRR), climate change adaptation, and water. He led formulation of the Japanese assistance policies of climate change adaptation and community-based disaster management.
He worked at the World Bank as Senior Disaster Risk Management Specialist, and produced the “Learning from Megadisaster: Lessons from the Great East Japan Earthquake”. He worked at various positions at the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport, Japan for 17 years. He formulated and supervised national projects of flood risk management and highways in Iwami District as Director of Hamada River and Road Office, and was responsible for research and technology development as Senior Deputy Director for River Technology and Information. He worked as Urban Development Specialist at the Asian Development Bank.
He was a member of “Committee on Building Resilience to Natural Disasters” of the Japan Science Society; and experienced members of “Advisory Council of Development Assistance in Climate Change Adaptation” of Ministry of Land Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Japan, “Steering Committee of Water and Climate Change of Asia-Pacific Water Forum”, and other committees of government organizations. He holds a PhD in international studies and MSc in Urban Engineering from the University of Tokyo.

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